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Avicenna (Ibn Sina) : The Father of Modern Medicine


Ibn Sina (980-1037), also known as Avicenna in the West is a philosopher, scientist, and the doctor at the birth of Persia (now Iran). He is also a prolific writer in which most of his work is on philosophy and medicine. For many, he is the "Father of Modern Medicine" and many more called him the most concerned with his work in the field of medicine. His work is very well known is the Qanun fi Thib which is a reference in the field of medicine for centuries.

Ibn Sina's full name Abū 'Ali al-Husayn ibn' Abdullah ibn Sina (Persian ابوعلى سينا ​​Abu Ali Sina or in writing Arabic: أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن سينا). Ibn Sina was born in 980 in Afsyahnah area near Bukhara, now territory of Uzbekistan (then Persia), and died in June 1037 in Hamadan, Persia (Iran).

He is the author of 450 books on some subjects of great. Many of them focus on philosophy and medicine. He is considered by many as the "father of modern medicine." George Sarton called the Ibn Sina "The Most Famous Scientist of Islam and One of The Most Famous in All Areas, Place and Time". His most famous works are The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine, also known as as the Qanun (Al Qanun fi At Tib)

BACKGROUND 

Ibn Sina was a philosopher, scientist, physician and active writer who was born in the golden age of Islamic civilization. In those days many Muslim scientists science translate text from Greece, Persia and India. Greek texts from the time of Plato, thereafter up to the time of Aristotle intensively widely translated and developed further by Islamic scientists. This development is mainly carried out by universities established by Al-Kindi. The development of science in this period include mathematics, astronomy, Algebra, Trigonometry, and medicine. [4]. In Dynasty Samayid eastern part of the Persian region of Khurasan and Buyid Dynasty in the western part of Iran and Persian provide a supportive atmosphere for the development of science and culture. In an age of Samanids, Bukhara and Baghdad became the center of culture and science of the Islamic world.


Ibn Sina’s Work 

The number of works written by Ibn Sina (estimated between 100 to 250 pieces of the title). His work was outstanding and his involvement in medical practice, teaching, and politics, shows the level of exceptional ability. Some works are very famous among others : 

  • Qanun fi Thib (Canon of Medicine)
  • Asy Syifa (The Book of Healing)
  • An Najat
  • Mantiq Al Masyriqin (West Logic)


In addition to the philosophical work, Avicenna left a number of essays and poetry. Some well-known essay is:
  • Hayy ibn Yaqzhan
  • Risalah Ath-Thair
  • Risalah fi Sirr Al-Qadar
  • Risalah fi Al- 'Isyq
  • Tahshil As-Sa'adah
Ibn Sina's poems: 
  • Al-Urjuzah fi Ath-Thibb
  • Al-Qasidah Al-Muzdawiyyah
  • Al-Qasidah Al- 'Ainiyyah
 AL QANUN FI THIB

 

Avicenna authored a five-volume medical encyclopedia: The Canon of Medicine (Al-Qanun fi't-Tibb). It was used as the standard medical textbook in the Islamic world and Europe up to the 18th century. The Canon still plays an important role in Unani medicine.







 

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